The new NEC4 contracts, due out this summer, will include a number of entirely new options. Whilst we’re yet to see the new contracts, it’s clear that some of the NEC Panel’s efforts have been focused towards areas that are commonly the subject of changes to the standard form through Z clauses. In terms of dispute resolution, two new concepts have been introduced; Dispute Avoidance Boards and a period for escalation and negotiation. Dispute boards have been deployed for some years on larger projects and particularly those in cross-border transactions. To accommodate dispute boards into an NEC contract, Z clauses.